Interventions that increase the intention to seek voluntary HIV testing in young people: a review

AIDS Care. 2017 Mar;29(3):365-371. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2016.1259456. Epub 2016 Nov 22.


Young people 15-24 years old represent 39% of new HIV infections globally. However, they are the least likely age demographic to seek HIV testing and the most likely to be unaware of their HIV status. The purpose of this systematic literature review was to identify interventions that increase either rates of HIV testing or intentions to seek HIV testing in young people 10-24 years old. In total, 1601 manuscripts were systematically examined and five manuscripts were included in the final review. Two common themes identified in the interventions were education and test delivery methods. Educational programs were found to be effective when delivered in classroom or entertainment-based formats. Health providers offering testing and home testing increased the rate of testing. Additional research is needed on programs aimed at young people not enrolled in schools, interventions that measure testing rates, and educating healthcare providers about offering HIV tests to young people.

Keywords: HIV testing; adolescents; intent to test; intervention; young people.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Health Services
  • Child
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / diagnosis
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care*
  • Referral and Consultation
  • Young Adult