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Review
, 36 (1), 135-153

Surgical Indications and Technique for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Combined With Lateral Extra-articular Tenodesis or Anterolateral Ligament Reconstruction

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Review

Surgical Indications and Technique for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Combined With Lateral Extra-articular Tenodesis or Anterolateral Ligament Reconstruction

Bart Vundelinckx et al. Clin Sports Med.

Abstract

After anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture, anteroposterior and rotational laxity in the knee causes instability, functional symptoms, and damage to other intra-articular structures. Surgical reconstruction aims to restore the stability in the knee, and to improve function and ability to participate in sports. It also protects cartilage and menisci from secondary injuries. Because of persistent rotational instability after ACL reconstruction, combined intra-articular and extra-articular procedures are more commonly performed. In this article, an overview of anatomy, biomechanical studies, current gold standard procedures, techniques, and research topics are summarized.

Keywords: ACL reconstruction; Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL); Anterolateral ligament (ALL); Lateral extra-articular tenodesis (LET).

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