Nordic walking for cardiovascular prevention in patients with ischaemic heart disease or metabolic syndrome

Med Clin (Barc). 2016 Dec 16;147(12):537-539. doi: 10.1016/j.medcli.2016.09.041. Epub 2016 Nov 19.
[Article in English, Spanish]


Background and objective: The incidence of atherosclerotic diseases has increased in Europe due in part to the population's sedentary lifestyle. Physical activity is useful for cardiovascular prevention. Nordic walking (NW) mobilizes a great number of muscular groups and is very popular in northern Europe. There is no data available on its impact in the healthcare system of the Mediterranean area. We propose the implementation of a NW program to promote physical activity and control cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF), as well as to improve quality of life and the adherence to medical treatment in patients with a chronic ischemic heart disease or metabolic syndrome.

Methods: We selected patients with uncontrolled CVRFs. These patients performed 2 weekly sessions of NW over the course of one year. Baseline data extracted from the patients' medical history, quality of life questionnaires and on adherence to treatment was compared with the results obtained at the end of the program.

Results: A reduction in the rate of CVRFs from 4.78 to 3 was observed, with an evident trend towards the improvement of the patients' quality of life and a better adherence to the treatment.

Conclusions: The implementation of a NW program is feasible in the public healthcare system and can aid in the management of CVRFs.

Keywords: Cardiopatía isquémica; Ischaemic heart disease; Marcha nórdica; Nordic walking; Prevención; Prevention; Rehabilitación; Rehabilitation.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control
  • Exercise Therapy / methods*
  • Female
  • Health Promotion / methods
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome / therapy*
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Ischemia / therapy*
  • Patient Compliance / statistics & numerical data
  • Pilot Projects
  • Quality of Life
  • Risk Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Walking*
  • Young Adult