A high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the determination of N5-methyltetrahydrofolic acid, leucovorin, methotrexate and 7-hydroxymethotrexate in plasma and liquor samples is presented. Gradient elution is used to increase the sensitivity. Four sample preparation methods were compared with respect to the stability of the injectable sample. Samples can be pretreated with a simple deproteinization method. For enhanced selectivity a solid-phase extraction procedure is described.