Getting evidence-based pressure ulcer prevention into practice: a process evaluation of a multifaceted intervention in a hospital setting

J Clin Nurs. 2017 Oct;26(19-20):3200-3211. doi: 10.1111/jocn.13668. Epub 2017 Mar 21.


Aims and objectives: To describe registered nurses', assistant nurses' and first-line managers' experiences and perceptions of a multifaceted hospital setting intervention focused on implementing evidence-based pressure ulcer prevention.

Background: Pressure ulcer prevention is deficient. Different models exist to support implementation of evidence-based care. Little is known about implementation processes.

Design: A descriptive qualitative approach.

Method: Five focus-group nurse interviews and five individual first-line manager interviews were conducted at five Swedish hospital units. Qualitative content analysis was used.

Result: The findings support that the intervention and the implementation process changed the understanding and way of working with pressure ulcer prevention: from treating to preventing. This became possible as 'Changed understanding enables changed actions - through one's own performance and reflection on pressure ulcer prevention'. Having a common outlook on pressure ulcer prevention, easy access to pressure-reducing equipment, and external and internal facilitator support were described as important factors for changed practices. Bedside support, feedback and discussions on current results increased the awareness of needed improvements.

Conclusion: The multifaceted intervention approach and the participants' positive attitudes seemed to be crucial for changing understanding and working more preventatively. The strategies used and the skills of the facilitators need to be tailored to the problems surrounding the context. Feedback discussions among the staff regarding the results of the care provided also appear to be vital.

Relevance to clinical practice: It is crucial that dedicated facilitators are involved to promote the implementation process. A preventative mindset should be strived for. Creating an implementation plan with an outcome and a process evaluation should be emphasised. It is important to give the staff regular feedback on the quality of care and on those occasions allocate time for discussion and reflection.

Keywords: hospital; implementation; pressure ulcer prevention; qualitative research.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Evidence-Based Nursing / methods*
  • Focus Groups
  • Humans
  • Nursing Staff, Hospital / psychology*
  • Pressure Ulcer / nursing
  • Pressure Ulcer / prevention & control*
  • Qualitative Research
  • Quality Improvement*
  • Skin Care / methods
  • Sweden