A series of twenty two (E)-N-cinnamoyl aminoalkanols derivatives monosubstituted in phenyl ring with 4-Cl, 4-CH3 or 2-CH3 was designed, synthesized and evaluated for anticonvulsant activity in rodent models of seizures: maximal electroshock (MES) test, subcutaneous pentylenetetrazole (scPTZ) test, and 6-Hz test. There were identified three most active compounds: S-(2E)-N-(1-hydroxypropan-2-yl)-3-(2-methylphenyl)prop-2-enamide (5) (ED50 MES=42.56, ED50 scPTZ=58.38, ED50 6-Hz 44mA=42.27mg/kg tested in mice after intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration); R,S-(2E)-3-(4-chlorophenyl)-N-(1-hydroxybutan-2-yl)prop-2-enamide (6) (ED50 MES=53.76, ED50 scPTZ=90.31, ED50 6-Hz 44mA=92.86mg/kg mice, i.p.); and R,S-(2E)-3-(4-chlorophenyl)-N-(2-hydroxypropyl)prop-2-enamide (11) (ED50 MES=55.58, ED50 scPTZ=102.15, ED50 6-Hz 44mA=51.27mg/kg mice, i.p.). Their structures and configurations were confirmed by crystal X-ray diffraction method. The structure-activity studies among the tested series showed that chlorine atom in position para or methyl group in position ortho of phenyl ring were beneficial for anticonvulsant activity. Methyl group in position para of phenyl ring decreased anticonvulsant activity in reported series of cinnamamide derivatives.
Keywords: 6-Hz; Anticonvulsant; Cinnamamide; Crystal structure; MES; Pharmacophore; scPTZ.
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