Magnetic and optical properties of MgAl 2 O 4-(Ni 0.5 Zn 0.5)Fe 2 O 4 thin films prepared by pulsed laser deposition

Sci Technol Adv Mater. 2011 May 27;12(3):034408. doi: 10.1088/1468-6996/12/3/034408. eCollection 2011 Jun.

Abstract

Thin films composed of MgAl2O4 and (Ni0.5Zn0.5)Fe2O4 ([MA(100-x)-NZFx] films) were grown on fused SiO2 substrates by pulsed laser deposition. X-ray diffraction measurements revealed that the films were polycrystalline, and that their lattice constant varied linearly with composition, indicating the formation of a solid solution. The film with x=60 was paramagnetic and those with x ≥ 70 were ferromagnetic. The films had a transparency above 75% in the visible range, but the transparency decreased with the x value. The optical band gaps were 2.95, 2.55, 2.30 and 1.89 eV for x=20, 40, 60, 80 and 100, respectively. The Faraday rotation angle increased with x in the visible range, and the film with x=70 exhibited a value of 2000 degrees cm-1 at 570 nm, which is comparable to the rotation angle of Y3Fe5O12. Owing to their high transparency, which extends into the visible range, the [MA(100-x)-NZFx] films can be used in novel magneto-optical devices.

Keywords: Faraday rotation angle; pulsed laser deposition (PLD); solid solution of nickel zinc ferrite and magnesium aluminum spinel; transparent magnetic thin film.