Hand and Wrist Injuries in Golfers and Their Treatment

Hand Clin. 2017 Feb;33(1):81-96. doi: 10.1016/j.hcl.2016.08.012.


A thorough understanding of the swing phases and mechanisms of injury in golf allows accurate diagnosis, treatment, and future prevention of injuries. Recommended initial treatment starts with cessation of practice to rest the wrist, a splint or orthotic brace, and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug medication with corticosteroid injection and swing modification. Pisiform excision is the best treatment of the most severe chronic cases of pisiform ligament complex syndrome. Delayed diagnosis of hook of hamate fracture may lead to complications, including flexor tendon rupture. Prompt surgical resection is recommended to hasten return to sport and to prevent further complications.

Keywords: De Quervain disease; Golf injury; Hook of hamate fracture; Pisiform ligament complex syndrome; Swing mechanism; Tendinopathy; Trigger finger.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / therapeutic use
  • Braces
  • Fractures, Bone / etiology
  • Fractures, Bone / therapy
  • Golf / injuries*
  • Hand Injuries / etiology
  • Hand Injuries / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Rupture / etiology
  • Rupture / therapy
  • Splints
  • Tendon Injuries / etiology
  • Tendon Injuries / therapy*
  • Wrist Injuries / etiology
  • Wrist Injuries / therapy*


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal