A randomized comparison of the Ambu AuraGain versus the LMA supreme in patients undergoing gynaecologic laparoscopic surgery

J Clin Monit Comput. 2017 Dec;31(6):1255-1262. doi: 10.1007/s10877-016-9963-0. Epub 2016 Nov 26.


Second generation supraglottic airway devices providing high seal airway pressures are suitable for patients undergoing gynecologic laparoscopy. We compared the seal pressure achieved by the new Ambu AuraGain™ versus LMA Supreme™ following pneumoperitoneum in the Trendelenburg position. Sixty female patients were randomly allocated to ventilation with either the AuraGain or the Supreme. A target-controlled system was used to administer total intravenous anesthesia. Intracuff pressure was maintained below 60 cm H2O. The following parameters were registered: Time, number of attempts and manoeuvres required for insertion; seal pressure and peak inspiratory pressure at four time points; ease of gastric tube insertion, flexible scope view, complications and postoperative morbidity. Both devices were quick and easily inserted, although the Supreme required less rotation manoeuvres (16 in AuraGain vs. 6 in LMA Supreme; p = 0.01). The AuraGain achieved higher seal pressures (34 ± 5 in AuraGain vs. 29 ± 5 in LMA Supreme; p = 0.0002). Following pneumoperitoneum in head-down position, peak airway pressure increased 9 ± 3 cm H2O in both groups, exceeding seal pressure in 3 patients in the Supreme group (p = 0.06). The vocal cords were seen through all AuraGain and 90% of the Supreme devices; epiglottis was often visible inside the tube (68%). No differences were found in the incidence of traces of blood on the mask or postoperative symptoms. Both devices allowed effective ventilation in patients undergoing gynaecologic laparoscopic surgery with a low rate of complications. The Ambu AuraGain provided higher seal pressures and a clear view of glottic inlet in all patients offering the possibility to guide direct tracheal intubation if required.

Keywords: Airway management; Laparoscopy; Supraglottic devices.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Airway Management / instrumentation*
  • Anesthesia, General
  • Equipment Design
  • Female
  • Glottis / physiology
  • Gynecologic Surgical Procedures*
  • Humans
  • Intubation, Intratracheal / instrumentation
  • Laparoscopy*
  • Laryngeal Masks*
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Positioning
  • Respiration
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult