Rabbit Oncology: Diseases, Diagnostics, and Therapeutics

Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract. 2017 Jan;20(1):135-182. doi: 10.1016/j.cvex.2016.07.005.


Neoplasia has long been reported as a rare finding in rabbits, but over the past decades the number of reports on neoplastic disease in rabbits has risen considerably. Similar to other animals, neoplastic changes may occur in any organ system, but the rate in which the organ systems are affected differs considerably. In rabbits, tumors have predominantly been found in the urogenital, hemolymphatic, and integumentary systems. This article discusses current insights on the etiopathogenesis, clinical signs, diagnosis, and treatment of the commonest neoplastic diseases in rabbits and offer guidelines for the correct diagnosis and treatment of the rabbit oncologic patient.

Keywords: Lagomorphs; Lymphoma; Neoplasia; Neoplastic disease; Oryctolagus cuniculus; Thymoma; Uterine adenocarcinoma; Viral-induced tumors.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Neoplasms / therapy
  • Neoplasms / veterinary*
  • Rabbits*