Principles and Applications of Radiation Therapy in Exotic Animals

Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract. 2017 Jan;20(1):255-270. doi: 10.1016/j.cvex.2016.07.008.


Radiation therapy is a treatment modality for cancer that is widely used in veterinary medicine, although its use in exotic animal practice has remained limited. However, there are case reports and case series of treating birds, small mammals, and reptiles for a variety of cancers with radiotherapy with varied outcomes. In this article the basic principles of radiation therapy are reviewed and the literature regarding its use in exotic animal practice is summarized. Side effects of radiotherapy are also discussed.

Keywords: Avian; Oncology; Rabbit; Radiation therapy; Radiotherapy; Reptile; Small mammal.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Exotic*
  • Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • Neoplasms / veterinary*
  • Radiation Oncology / methods
  • Veterinary Medicine / methods