Comparison of Mustard Oil and Ghee Consumption on the History of Coronary Heart Disease in Urban Population of India

J Clin Diagn Res. 2016 Oct;10(10):OC01-OC05. doi: 10.7860/JCDR/2016/18929.8593. Epub 2016 Oct 1.


Introduction: Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is one of the leading causes of mortality in India, due to high consumption of mustard oil and ghee among urban population.

Aim: To find out the relationship of mustard oil and ghee consumption on CHD history.

Materials and methods: By a random cross-sectional, house-to-house survey in North India, 137 people aged between 40-80 years (70 males and 67 females) were selected by dietary history of Mustard Oil (MO) and Ghee consumption (G), but having no other CHD precipitating factor. Using food frequency questionnaire, the study population was divided into two groups based on the amount of MO and G consumption; Group A (n = 75): MO >1L/month, but G <0.5Kg/month and Group B (n = 62): MO =0.2 to 0.5L/month but G >1.25Kg/month. Serum lipid profile estimation and resting ECGs recording were done from all the subjects.

Results: There was no statistical significant difference in CHD history between the two groups. Mustard Oil had positive correlation with CHD history. CHD was higher by 50.9% in Group A and was independent of gender. However, the odds of CHD history were higher among males by 32.2% irrespective of the groups.

Conclusion: The results demonstrated that CHD history was associated with higher relative consumption of mustard oil than ghee and CHD is positively correlated with increase mustard oil intake, blood level of TG, TC, LDL, VLDL, TC/HDL and LDL/HDL ratio.

Keywords: Cardiovascular Disease; Lipid profile; Serum cholesterol level.