The effect of coffee on blood lipids and blood pressure. Results from a Norwegian cross-sectional study, men and women, 40-42 years

J Clin Epidemiol. 1989;42(9):877-84. doi: 10.1016/0895-4356(89)90101-7.


The association between boiled and filter coffee consumption and levels of cholesterol, triglycerides and blood pressure was studied, including 14168 men and 14859 women. A total of 94% drank coffee, 55% of the men and 48% of the women drank more than 4 cups per day. The type of coffee consumed varied between the counties, from 11 to 49% boiled and 49 to 87% filter coffee. Serum cholesterol increased linearly with increasing coffee consumption, and most strongly for boiled coffee. Controlling for other variables gave, for boiled coffee, an 8% increase for men and 10% for women. For filter coffee drinkers the coffee dose-cholesterol association remained significant only for women. Triglycerides showed a negative association with coffee, significant after adjustment for other variables. This effect was stronger for filter than for boiled coffee in both sexes. For men and women drinking 1 cup of coffee or more, a significant negative association between both systolic and diastolic blood pressure and number of cups of filter coffee was found. The influence of high consumption of different coffee-types on death rate from coronary heart disease is discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Pressure*
  • Cholesterol / blood*
  • Coffee*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Drinking
  • Exercise
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lipids / blood*
  • Male
  • Norway
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Triglycerides / blood*


  • Coffee
  • Lipids
  • Triglycerides
  • Cholesterol