Severe hip displacement reduces health-related quality of life in children with cerebral palsy

Acta Orthop. 2017 Apr;88(2):205-210. doi: 10.1080/17453674.2016.1262685. Epub 2016 Nov 28.


Background and purpose - Hip displacement is common in children with severe cerebral palsy (CP) and can cause problems such as pain, contractures, and nursing difficulties. Caregiver priorities and child health index of life with disabilities (CPCHILD) is a recently developed measure of health-related quality of life (HRQL) in children with severe CP. The associations between CPCHILD scores and hip displacement have not been investigated. We explored the effect of hip displacement on HRQL. Patients and methods - 67 children were recruited from the population-based Norwegian CP register. Mean age was 9 (7-12) years. There were 40 boys. Gross motor function classification system (GMFCS) distribution was 12 level III, 17 level IV, and 38 level V. Hip displacement was assessed by radiographic migration percentage (MP). The criterion for hip displacement was MP of the worst hip of ≥40%. Primary caregivers responded to 5 of the 6 domains of the CPCHILD questionnaire. Results - Hip displacement was found in 18 children and it was significantly associated with lower scores on the CPCHILD domains 3 (Comfort and Emotions) and 5 (Health), but not with domains 1 (Activities of Daily Living/Personal Care), 2 (Positioning, Transfer, and Mobility), and 6 (Overall Quality of Life). GMFCS level V was a significant predictor of low scores in all the domains. Interpretation - For the assessment of HRQL in children with severe CP and hip problems, we propose a modified and simplified version of the CPCHILD consisting of 14 of 37 questions. This would reduce the responders' burden and probably increase the response rate in clinical studies without losing important information.

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Cerebral Palsy / complications
  • Cerebral Palsy / physiopathology*
  • Cerebral Palsy / psychology
  • Child
  • Cohort Studies
  • Emotions
  • Female
  • Health Status*
  • Hip Dislocation / diagnostic imaging
  • Hip Dislocation / etiology
  • Hip Dislocation / physiopathology*
  • Hip Dislocation / psychology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mobility Limitation*
  • Norway
  • Pain / etiology
  • Pain / physiopathology*
  • Quality of Life*
  • Radiography
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Surveys and Questionnaires