Kidney Tubular Ablation of Ocrl/ Inpp5b Phenocopies Lowe Syndrome Tubulopathy

J Am Soc Nephrol. 2017 May;28(5):1399-1407. doi: 10.1681/ASN.2016080913. Epub 2016 Nov 28.


Lowe syndrome and Dent disease are two conditions that result from mutations of the inositol 5-phosphatase oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe (OCRL) and share the feature of impaired kidney proximal tubule function. Genetic ablation of Ocrl in mice failed to recapitulate the human phenotypes, possibly because of the redundant functions of OCRL and its paralog type 2 inositol polyphosphate-5-phosphatase (INPP5B). Germline knockout of both paralogs in mice results in early embryonic lethality. We report that kidney tubule-specific inactivation of Inpp5b on a global Ocrl-knockout mouse background resulted in low molecular weight proteinuria, phosphaturia, and acidemia. At the cellular level, we observed a striking impairment of clathrin-dependent and -independent endocytosis in proximal tubules, phenocopying what has been reported for Dent disease caused by mutations in the gene encoding endosomal proton-chloride exchange transporter 5. These results suggest that the functions of OCRL/INPP5B and proton-chloride exchange transporter 5 converge on shared mechanisms, the impairment of which has a dramatic effect on proximal tubule endocytosis.

Keywords: INPP5B; Lowe syndrome; OCRL; endocytosis; proximal tubulopathy.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Kidney Tubules, Proximal*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Mutation*
  • Oculocerebrorenal Syndrome / genetics*
  • Phenotype*
  • Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases / genetics*


  • Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
  • Ocrl protein, mouse
  • phosphoinositide 5-phosphatase