Background: To describe the clinical spectrum of presumed tuberculous (TB) uveitis in a developed, non-endemic country of high immigrant population.
Design: Retrospective review of a consecutive case series.
Participants: All 39 patients diagnosed with presumed TB uveitis at the tertiary uveitis service in Auckland from 2007 to 2014.
Methods: Clinical chart review.
Main outcome measures: Patient demographics, risk factors, ophthalmic manifestations, management and outcome.
Results: The median age was 37 years (interquartile range [IQR] 31-52) and 56% were female. The majority (97%) were born outside of New Zealand, and 77% had no TB-related history. Radiological abnormalities consistent with TB were evident in seven patients, including three who had culture positive pulmonary disease. Anterior uveitis was diagnosed in ten patients (26%), anterior and intermediate uveitis in eight (21%), posterior uveitis in 13 (33%) and panuveitis in eight (21%). Sixteen (41%) had retinal vasculitis, and five (13%) had multifocal serpiginoid choroiditis. Common complications included cataract (51%), ocular hypertension (36%), broad posterior synechiae (33%) and cystoid macular oedema (28%). Anti-TB treatment was initiated in 30 patients (76%). All but three patients completed the intended course of six to 12 months. Following anti-TB treatment, 67% remained in remission for at least 12 months, and all but two patients successfully stopped systemic steroids. The median initial and final visual acuity was 6/9 (IQR 6/6-6/18) and 6/6 (IQR 6/6-6/9), respectively.
Conclusions: Despite a wide range of ocular presentations and complications, our cohort demonstrated good remission rate and visual prognosis following anti-TB treatment in carefully selected patients.
Keywords: infection; inflammation; tuberculosis; uveitis.
© 2016 Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists.