Proteomic analysis of the human KEOPS complex identifies C14ORF142 as a core subunit homologous to yeast Gon7

Nucleic Acids Res. 2017 Jan 25;45(2):805-817. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkw1181. Epub 2016 Nov 29.


The KEOPS/EKC complex is a tRNA modification complex involved in the biosynthesis of N6-threonylcarbamoyladenosine (t6A), a universally conserved tRNA modification found on ANN-codon recognizing tRNAs. In archaea and eukaryotes, KEOPS is composed of OSGEP/Kae1, PRPK/Bud32, TPRKB/Cgi121 and LAGE3/Pcc1. In fungi, KEOPS contains an additional subunit, Gon7, whose orthologs outside of fungi, if existent, remain unidentified. In addition to displaying defective t6A biosynthesis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains harboring KEOPS mutations are compromised for telomere homeostasis, growth and transcriptional co-activation. To identify a Gon7 ortholog in multicellular eukaryotes as well as to uncover KEOPS-interacting proteins that may link t6A biosynthesis to the diverse set of KEOPS mutant phenotypes, we conducted a proteomic analysis of human KEOPS. This work identified 152 protein interactors, one of which, C14ORF142, interacted strongly with all four KEOPS subunits, suggesting that it may be a core component of human KEOPS. Further characterization of C14ORF142 revealed that it shared a number of biophysical and biochemical features with fungal Gon7, suggesting that C14ORF142 is the human ortholog of Gon7. In addition, our proteomic analysis identified specific interactors for different KEOPS subcomplexes, hinting that individual KEOPS subunits may have additional functions outside of t6A biosynthesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Cell Line
  • Humans
  • Intrinsically Disordered Proteins / metabolism
  • Multiprotein Complexes* / chemistry
  • Open Reading Frames*
  • Protein Interaction Mapping
  • Protein Interaction Maps
  • Protein Subunits*
  • Proteomics* / methods
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / chemistry
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism*


  • Intrinsically Disordered Proteins
  • KEOPS complex, S cerevisiae
  • Multiprotein Complexes
  • Protein Subunits
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins