Objectives: Nationwide prospective cohort study exploring (i) the factors associated with treatment initiation (vs. watchful waiting) in children with primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) followed in routine clinical practice and (ii) the predictors of chronicity at 12 months.
Procedure: Between 2008 and 2013, 23 centers throughout France consecutively included 257 children aged 6 months-18 years and diagnosed with primary ITP over a 5-year period. Data on ITP clinical features along with medical management were collected at baseline and 12 months. Multivariate logistic regressions were used to determine (i) and (ii) as defined above, providing odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI).
Results: One hundred thirty-seven (53%) children were males, median age was 4.6 years, median platelet count was 7 × 109/l, and 214 (81%) patients initiated medication. Factors independently associated with treatment initiation included platelet counts <10 × 109/l (P < 0.0001) and mucocutaneous bleeding symptoms at baseline (P < 0.001). At 12 months, data were available for 211 (82%) children, of whom 160 (74%) had recovered. Predictors of chronicity included female gender (OR = 2.2; 95% CI = 1.0-4.8), age ≥10 years (OR = 2.6; 95% CI = 1.1-6.0), and platelet counts ≥10 × 109 /l (OR = 3.2; 95% CI = 1.5-6.9).
Conclusions: In routine clinical practice, the decision to apply a watchful waiting strategy seems to be driven by platelet counts even in the absence of bleeding symptoms, resulting in treatment being initiated in more than 80% of the children surveyed. Overall, younger children with ITP showed good prognosis, with lower platelet counts and, to a lesser extent, male gender predicting more favorable outcomes.
Keywords: idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura; predictors of chronicity; prospective cohort; routine clinical practice.
© 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.