The efficacy of pivmecillinam: 3 days or 5 days t.i.d against community acquired uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections - a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial study protocol

BMC Infect Dis. 2016 Dec 1;16(1):727. doi: 10.1186/s12879-016-2022-0.


Background: Uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections (LUTI) are very common, and presumably around 200,000 female patients are treated for this annually in Denmark. The current Danish national clinical practice guidelines recommend pivmecillinam as a first-line drug (i.e., 400 mg t.i.d. for 3 days). Pivmecillinam is also one of the first-line drugs recommended in the international guidelines for LUTIs (i.e., 400 mg b.i.d. for 5 days). The international recommended duration is based on evidence saying that a 7-day regimen is better than a 3-day regimen. However, no data says that a 5-day regimen is superior to a 3-day regimen. With this study we aim to identify and to compare the efficacy of pivmecillinam 400 mg t.i.d in a 3-day respectively 5-day regimen, against community acquired uncomplicated LUTI, i.e., in women at the age of 18-70 year old.

Method/design: The general practitioner will at consultation give a suitable patient the opportunity to participate in the study. If the patient will give her consent, a double-blinded kit (i.e., the antibiotic with/without placebo, questionnaires and self-urinary samples) will be given to the patient. We aim for 161 evaluable patients in each arm.

Discussion: Pivmecillinam is an excellent choice against urinary tract infections and we believe this study will fill in the gaps and strengthen the evidence on the treatment against one of the most common infections in our society. Thus, aiming to provide a more rational and ecological beneficial antimicrobial therapy.

Trial registration: EudraCTno.: 2014-001321-32 .

Keywords: Cystitis; General practice; Pivmecillinam; Study protocol; UTI.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Amdinocillin Pivoxil / administration & dosage*
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary / administration & dosage*
  • Denmark
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Urinary Tract Infections / drug therapy*
  • Young Adult


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary
  • Amdinocillin Pivoxil

Associated data

  • EudraCT/2014-001321-32