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Review
. 2017 Feb;35(1):25-42.
doi: 10.1016/j.emc.2016.08.003.

Appropriate Antibiotic Therapy

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Review

Appropriate Antibiotic Therapy

Michael G Allison et al. Emerg Med Clin North Am. .

Abstract

Prescribing antibiotics is an essential component of initial therapy in sepsis. Early antibiotics are an important component of therapy, but speed of administration should not overshadow the patient-specific characteristics that determine the optimal breadth of antimicrobial therapy. Cultures should be drawn before antibiotic therapy if it does not significantly delay administration. Combination antibiotic therapy against gram-negative infections is not routinely required, and combination therapy involving vancomycin and piperacillin/tazobactam is associated with an increase in acute kidney injury. Emergency practitioners should be aware of special considerations in the administration and dosing of antibiotics in order to deliver optimal care to septic patients.

Keywords: Acute kidney injury; Antibiotics; Antifungals; Dosing; Obesity; Resistance; Sepsis.

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