Modified nucleotides in messenger RNA (mRNA) have been discovered over 40 years ago, but until recently little was known about which transcripts contain them and what their function is. High-throughput sequencing approaches revealed a dynamic landscape of the 'Epitranscriptome' for many mRNA modifications in various organisms from yeast to humans. Meanwhile, also many genes encoding mRNA-modifying enzymes and auxiliary proteins have been identified yielding functional insights by reverse genetics into their role in development and disease.
Keywords: RNA editing; epitranscriptome; mRNA methylation.
© 2016 The Author(s); published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society.