LncPRESS1 Is a p53-Regulated LncRNA that Safeguards Pluripotency by Disrupting SIRT6-Mediated De-acetylation of Histone H3K56

Mol Cell. 2016 Dec 1;64(5):967-981. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2016.10.039.


Recent evidence suggests that lncRNAs play an integral regulatory role in numerous functions, including determination of cellular identity. We determined global expression (RNA-seq) and genome-wide profiles (ChIP-seq) of histone post-translational modifications and p53 binding in human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) undergoing differentiation to define a high-confidence set of 40 lncRNAs, which are p53 transcriptional targets. We focused on lncRNAs highly expressed in pluripotent hESCs and repressed by p53 during differentiation to identify lncPRESS1 as a p53-regulated transcript that maintains hESC pluripotency in concert with core pluripotency factors. RNA-seq of hESCs depleted of lncPRESS1 revealed that lncPRESS1 controls a gene network that promotes pluripotency. Further, we found that lncPRESS1 physically interacts with SIRT6 and prevents SIRT6 chromatin localization, which maintains high levels of histone H3K56 and H3K9 acetylation at promoters of pluripotency genes. In summary, we describe a p53-regulated, pluripotency-specific lncRNA that safeguards the hESC state by disrupting SIRT6 activity.

Keywords: H3K56ac; H3K9ac; SIRT6; chromatin; differentiation; genome-wide; hESC; lncRNA; p53; pluripotency.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cell Differentiation / genetics*
  • Cell Differentiation / physiology*
  • Chromatin / metabolism
  • Embryonic Stem Cells / cytology
  • Embryonic Stem Cells / physiology*
  • Histone Deacetylases
  • Histones / genetics
  • Histones / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Pluripotent Stem Cells / cytology
  • Pluripotent Stem Cells / metabolism*
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational / genetics
  • RNA, Long Noncoding / genetics*
  • RNA, Long Noncoding / metabolism*
  • Sirtuins / genetics
  • Sirtuins / metabolism
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / genetics
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism*


  • Chromatin
  • Histones
  • RNA, Long Noncoding
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
  • SIRT6 protein, human
  • Sirtuins
  • Histone Deacetylases