Highly dispersed ultrasmall Ni(OH)2 aggregated particles on a conductive support as a supercapacitor electrode with superior performance

J Colloid Interface Sci. 2017 Mar 15:490:252-258. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2016.11.072. Epub 2016 Nov 21.

Abstract

To reduce the size of Ni(OH)2 aggregates is an effective way to improve their capacitive performance for the electrodes of supercapacitors. The ultrasmall Ni(OH)2 aggregates (1-2nm) on active carbon (AC) can be obtained by depositing the soluble precursor of Ni(OH)2 on AC at low temperature. The Ni(OH)2/AC samples were characterized by SEM, TEM, XRD and XPS. The specific capacitance of ultrasmall Ni(OH)2 aggregates in the Ni(OH)2/AC composite can reach 2949Fg-1 at a scan rate of 20mVs-1, which is higher than its theoretical specific capacitance (2382Fg-1). Ni(OH)2 aggregates supported on carbon cloth can also exhibit superior specific capacitance as a bind-free flexible electrode. The capacitive, rate and cycling performance of ultrasmall Ni(OH)2 aggregates on AC are excellent, revealing the great potential of ultrasmall sized materials in energy storage.

Keywords: Electrochemical energy; Ni(OH)(2); Pseudocapacitors; Specific capacitance; Supercapacitors; Ultrasmall size.