Differences in energy expenditure during high-speed versus standard-speed yoga: A randomized sequence crossover trial

Complement Ther Med. 2016 Dec;29:169-174. doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2016.10.002. Epub 2016 Oct 15.


Objectives: To compare energy expenditure and volume of oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide production during a high-speed yoga and a standard-speed yoga program.

Design: Randomized repeated measures controlled trial.

Setting: A laboratory of neuromuscular research and active aging.

Interventions: Sun-Salutation B was performed, for eight minutes, at a high speed versus and a standard-speed separately while oxygen consumption was recorded. Caloric expenditure was calculated using volume of oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide production.

Main outcome measures: Difference in energy expenditure (kcal) of HSY and SSY.

Results: Significant differences were observed in energy expenditure between yoga speeds with high-speed yoga producing significantly higher energy expenditure than standard-speed yoga (MD=18.55, SE=1.86, p<0.01). Significant differences were also seen between high-speed and standard-speed yoga for volume of oxygen consumed and carbon dioxide produced.

Conclusions: High-speed yoga results in a significantly greater caloric expenditure than standard-speed yoga. High-speed yoga may be an effective alternative program for those targeting cardiometabolic markers.

Keywords: Energy expenditure; Oxygen consumption; Power yoga; Yoga.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Energy Metabolism / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meditation / methods*
  • Meditation / psychology*
  • Oxygen Consumption / physiology
  • Yoga / psychology*