Periodontal conditions among an adult population of 161 dentate patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were compared with those of an age and sex-matched random sample of non-rheumatic subjects. The number of teeth and prevalence of dental plaque, calculus, gingivitis, and deepened periodontal pockets were recorded. Alveolar bone breakdown and the distribution of subjects according to severity of periodontal disease were also registered. There was a tendency towards better periodontal conditions among RA-patients, severe periodontal breakdown occurring less frequently among RA-patients (12%) than among the controls (16%). The RA-patients had less plaque and calculus than the control group, a finding which could indicate a difference in periodontal care.