Granisetron Extended-Release Injection: A Review in Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting

Drugs. 2016 Dec;76(18):1779-1786. doi: 10.1007/s40265-016-0664-2.


An extended-release (ER) subcutaneously injectable formulation of the first-generation 5-HT3 receptor antagonist granisetron is now available in the USA (Sustol®), where it is indicated for the prevention of acute and delayed chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) following moderately emetogenic chemotherapy (MEC) or anthracycline and cyclophosphamide combination chemotherapy regimens in adults. Granisetron ER is administered as a single subcutaneous injection and uses an erosion-controlled drug-delivery system to allow prolonged granisetron release. Primary endpoint data from phase III studies after an initial cycle of chemotherapy indicate that, when used as part of an antiemetic regimen, granisetron ER injection is more effective than intravenous ondansetron in preventing delayed CINV following highly emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC); is noninferior to intravenous palonosetron in preventing both acute CINV following MEC or HEC and delayed CINV following MEC; and is similar, but not superior, to palonosetron in preventing delayed CINV following HEC. The benefits of granisetron ER were seen in various patient subgroups, including those receiving anthracycline plus cyclophosphamide-based HEC, and (in an extension of one of the studies) over multiple MEC or HEC cycles. Granisetron ER injection is generally well tolerated, with an adverse event profile similar to that of ondansetron or palonosetron. Thus, granisetron ER injection expands the options for preventing both acute and delayed CINV in adults with cancer receiving MEC or anthracycline plus cyclophosphamide-based HEC.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antiemetics / administration & dosage*
  • Antineoplastic Agents / adverse effects
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Delayed-Action Preparations / administration & dosage*
  • Granisetron / administration & dosage*
  • Humans
  • Injections / methods
  • Nausea / chemically induced
  • Nausea / drug therapy*
  • Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Vomiting / chemically induced
  • Vomiting / drug therapy*


  • Antiemetics
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Delayed-Action Preparations
  • Granisetron