Multidirectional WSS disturbances in stenotic turbulent flows: A pre- and post-intervention study in an aortic coarctation

J Biomech. 2017 Jan 25;51:8-16. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2016.11.064. Epub 2016 Nov 28.

Abstract

Wall shear stress (WSS) disturbances are commonly expressed at sites of abnormal flow obstructions and may play an essential role in the pathogenesis of various vascular diseases. In laminar flows these disturbances have recently been assessed by the transverse wall shear stress (transWSS), which accounts for the WSS multidirectionality. Site-specific estimations of WSS disturbances in pulsatile transitional and turbulent type of flows are more challenging due to continuous and unpredictable changes in WSS behavior. In these complex flow settings, the transWSS may serve as a more comprehensive descriptor for assessing WSS disturbances of general nature compared to commonly used parameters. In this study large eddy simulations (LES) were used to investigate the transWSS properties in flows subjected to different pathological turbulent flow conditions, governed by a patient-specific model of an aortic coarctation pre and post balloon angioplasty. Results showed that regions of strong near-wall turbulence were collocated with regions of elevated transWSS and turbulent WSS, while in more transitional-like near-wall flow regions a closer resemblance was found between transWSS and low, and oscillatory WSS. Within the frame of this study, the transWSS parameter demonstrated a more multi-featured picture of WSS disturbances when exposed to different types of flow regimes, characteristics which were not depicted by the other parameters alone.

Keywords: Disturbed blood flow; Hemodynamics; Large eddy simulation; Oscillatory shear index; Transverse wall shear stress; Turbulent kinetic energy.

MeSH terms

  • Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary
  • Aortic Coarctation / physiopathology*
  • Aortic Coarctation / therapy
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Cardiovascular
  • Patient-Specific Modeling
  • Stress, Mechanical