Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Students Aged 7-22 Years in Jiangsu Province, China

Biomed Environ Sci. 2016 Oct;29(10):697-705. doi: 10.3967/bes2016.094.

Abstract

Objective: To report the prevalence and trend of overweight and obesity among students aged 7-22 years in Jiangsu, 2010 to 2013.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out as part of students physical fitness and health survey in Jiangsu province. A total of 255,581 subjects (50.03% males and 49.97% females) enrolled in 82 school and 10 universities in Jiangsu. Weights and heights were obtained for each subject and its body mass index (BMI) was calculated using the Chinese Working Group on Obesity in China (CWGO).

Results: Anthropometric measurement including bodyweight, height, BMI and bust were significantly different between males in urban compared to females living rural areas (P<0.001). The total prevalence of overweight and obesity was 12.4% and 5.7%. Males had a significantly higher rate than in female's student. The prevalence of overweight and obesity by age groups was (14.5%, 10.3%) at age 7-11 years, (11.2%, 6.8%) at age 12-14 years, (11.7%, 3.1%) at age 15-17 years, and (11.4%, 2.3%) at age 18-22 years. By regions; the highest prevalence of overweight obesity reported in Taizhou (10%, 14.2%), Xuzhou (9.4%, 12.5%), and Nanjing (9.2%, 15.6%), respectively.

Conclusion: The finding declares that overweight and obesity are important health problems among students in Jiangsu Province. Early intervention programme are needed to address this problems.

Keywords: Anthropometric measures; Body mass index (BMI); China; Jiangsu Province; Obesit; Overweighty.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Body Mass Index
  • Child
  • China / epidemiology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Obesity / diagnosis
  • Obesity / epidemiology*
  • Overweight / diagnosis
  • Overweight / epidemiology*
  • Prevalence
  • Rural Population
  • Urban Population
  • Young Adult