Affective, substance use, and anxiety disorders in persons with arthritis, diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, or chronic lung conditions

Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1989 Sep;11(5):320-7. doi: 10.1016/0163-8343(89)90119-9.

Abstract

The authors estimated the sex- and age-adjusted prevalence of affective, substance use, and anxiety disorders in persons in a general population sample who identified themselves as having arthritis, diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, chronic lung disease, or no chronic medical conditions. Persons who reported ever having arthritis, heart disease, chronic lung disease, or high blood pressure had a significantly increased adjusted prevalence of each of the three groups of lifetime psychiatric disorders, relative to a no-chronic conditions comparison group (each p less than 0.05). Persons who ever had diabetes had an increased adjusted prevalence of lifetime affective and anxiety but not substance use disorder. Persons with current (i.e., active) arthritis, heart disease, or high blood pressure had a significantly increased adjusted prevalence of recent (6-month) anxiety disorder, whereas those with current chronic lung disease had an increased adjusted prevalence of recent affective and substance use but not anxiety disorder.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anxiety Disorders / psychology*
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / psychology
  • Chronic Disease / psychology*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology
  • Diabetes Mellitus / psychology
  • Female
  • Heart Diseases / psychology
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / psychology
  • Los Angeles
  • Lung Diseases, Obstructive / psychology
  • Male
  • Mood Disorders / psychology*
  • Risk Factors
  • Sick Role*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / psychology*