Aims: The goal of this study was to describe the procedural characteristics, strategy selection and associated technical and efficiency outcomes for chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the right coronary artery (RCA).
Methods and results: We examined the clinical and angiographic characteristics of patients who underwent RCA CTO PCI between 2012 and 2015 at 11 centres in the USA. The RCA was the CTO target vessel in 739 of 1,308 CTO PCIs (56%). Overall technical and procedural success rates were 90% and 88%, respectively. A major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) occurred in 19 patients (2.6%). Technical success was most frequently achieved using antegrade wire escalation (38% of successful procedures) followed by retrograde (36%) and antegrade dissection/re-entry (26%). Technical success was similar between various locations of RCA CTOs (p=0.11). Compared with antegrade-only procedures, utilisation of any retrograde approach was associated with lower technical (85% vs. 95%, p<0.001) and procedural (82% vs. 94%, p<0.001) success and a higher MACE rate (3.8% vs. 1.4%, p=0.037).
Conclusions: RCA CTOs represent the majority of CTO target lesions, can be treated with high success and acceptable complication rates, and require frequent use of the retrograde approach and antegrade dissection/re-entry.