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, 16 (2), 413-420

tRNA-Derived RNA Fragments Associate With Human Multisynthetase Complex (MSC) and Modulate Ribosomal Protein Translation

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tRNA-Derived RNA Fragments Associate With Human Multisynthetase Complex (MSC) and Modulate Ribosomal Protein Translation

Simon P Keam et al. J Proteome Res.

Abstract

The functionality of small RNAs from abundant species of "housekeeping" noncoding RNAs (e.g., rRNA, tRNA, snRNA, snoRNA, etc.) remains a highly studied topic. The current state of research on short RNAs derived from transfer RNA (tRNA), called tRNA-derived fragments (tRFs), has been restricted largely to expression studies and limited functional studies. 5' tRFs are known translational inhibitors in mammalian cells, yet little is known about their functionality. Here we report on the first experimental evidence of the tRF protein interactome, identifying the mammalian multisynthetase complex as the primary interactor of the 5' tRF Gln19. We also present proteome-wide SILAC evidence that 5' tRFs increase ribosomal and poly(A)-binding protein translation.

Keywords: SILAC; immunoprecipitation; mass spectrometry; multisynthetase complex; protein translation; small RNA; tRF; tRNA-derived fragment.

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