Scoliosis in children with pectus excavatum and pectus carinatum

J Pediatr Orthop. Sep-Oct 1989;9(5):551-6. doi: 10.1097/01241398-198909010-00009.

Abstract

Between 1974 and 1985, 461 patients with pectus excavatum and 135 patients with pectus carinatum underwent operative repair of their anterior chest wall deformities. Twenty-one percent of patients with anterior chest wall deformity had mild scoliosis by clinical and radiographic examination. The average lateral spinal deformity was 15 degrees (range 6-78 degrees) for pectus excavatum patients and 16 degrees (range 5-57 degrees) for pectus carinatum patients. Eighteen percent of the pectus excavatum patients with scoliosis and 14% of the pectus carinatum patients with scoliosis required therapeutic intervention of bracing and/or arthrodesis.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Funnel Chest / complications*
  • Funnel Chest / surgery
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Marfan Syndrome / complications
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Ribs / abnormalities*
  • Ribs / surgery
  • Risk Factors
  • Scoliosis / etiology*
  • Scoliosis / surgery