Media and Young Minds

Pediatrics. 2016 Nov;138(5):e20162591. doi: 10.1542/peds.2016-2591.


Infants, toddlers, and preschoolers are now growing up in environments saturated with a variety of traditional and new technologies, which they are adopting at increasing rates. Although there has been much hope for the educational potential of interactive media for young children, accompanied by fears about their overuse during this crucial period of rapid brain development, research in this area still remains limited. This policy statement reviews the existing literature on television, videos, and mobile/interactive technologies; their potential for educational benefit; and related health concerns for young children (0 to 5 years of age). The statement also highlights areas in which pediatric providers can offer specific guidance to families in managing their young children's media use, not only in terms of content or time limits, but also emphasizing the importance of parent-child shared media use and allowing the child time to take part in other developmentally healthy activities.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child Behavior / physiology*
  • Child Development / physiology*
  • Child Rearing
  • Child Welfare*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Guidelines as Topic / standards
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Learning*
  • Male
  • Multimedia / statistics & numerical data*
  • Parent-Child Relations
  • Risk Assessment
  • Societies, Medical
  • Time Factors
  • United States