Laboratory evaluation of face paint repellent formulation using human volunteers under three climatic regimens

J Med Entomol. 1989 Sep;26(5):468-70. doi: 10.1093/jmedent/26.5.468.


A new combination of repellent with camouflage face paint was evaluated on volunteers against the mosquitoes Aedes aegypti (L.) and Anopheles stephensi (Liston) in an environmental chamber under three climatic regimens: tropical open, tropical forested, and hot dry environments. The duration of protection varied significantly among different climates. The camouflage face paint with diethylmethylbenzamide (deet) provided 95% protection from mosquitoes for 4 h, except under tropical open climate, where it provided only 2 h protection.

MeSH terms

  • Aedes / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Anopheles / physiology*
  • Climate
  • DEET / administration & dosage
  • Face
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Insect Bites and Stings / prevention & control*
  • Insect Repellents / administration & dosage*
  • Insect Vectors / physiology*


  • Insect Repellents
  • DEET