An approach to developing a valid Spanish language translation of a health-status questionnaire

Med Care. 1989 Oct;27(10):959-66. doi: 10.1097/00005650-198910000-00006.


This article discusses methodological issues confronting health professionals using questionnaires to study health care variables among populations with limited literacy in English, and suggests techniques for minimizing problems that plague questionnaire-based research among these populations. A recent effort to validate a questionnaire for Rheumatoid Arthritis patients in South Texas is used to illustrate pitfalls and potential solutions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid
  • Female
  • Health Surveys*
  • Hispanic or Latino*
  • Humans
  • Language*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*
  • Texas
  • Translations*