Computational Model-Based Analysis of Strategies to Enhance Scaffold Vascularization

Biores Open Access. 2016 Nov 1;5(1):342-355. doi: 10.1089/biores.2016.0039. eCollection 2016.


Stable and extensive blood vessel networks are required for cell function and survival in engineered tissues. A number of different strategies are currently being investigated to enhance biomaterial vascularization with screening primarily through extensive in vitro and in vivo experiments. In this article, we describe an agent-based model (ABM) developed to evaluate various strategies in silico, including design of optimal biomaterial structure, delivery of angiogenic factors, and application of prevascularized biomaterials. The model predictions are evaluated using experimental data. The ABM developed provides insight into different strategies currently applied for scaffold vascularization and will enable researchers to rapidly screen new hypotheses and explore alternative strategies for enhancing vascularization.

Keywords: agent-based modeling; scaffold vascularization; strategies for enhancing vascularization.