Towards a mechanistic understanding of the human subcortex

Nat Rev Neurosci. 2016 Dec 15;18(1):57-65. doi: 10.1038/nrn.2016.163.


The human subcortex is a densely populated part of the brain, of which only 7% of the individual structures are depicted in standard MRI atlases. In vivo MRI of the subcortex is challenging owing to its anatomical complexity and its deep location in the brain. The technical advances that are needed to reliably uncover this 'terra incognita' call for an interdisciplinary human neuroanatomical approach. We discuss the emerging methods that could be used in such an approach and the incorporation of the data that are generated from these methods into model-based cognitive neuroscience frameworks.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Brain / anatomy & histology*
  • Brain Mapping*
  • Cognition / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging