Low-dose aspirin in pregnancy

Obstet Gynecol. 1989 Oct;74(4):551-7.

Abstract

In a prospective study, we evaluated the effects of low-dose aspirin on maternal and neonatal plasma 6-keto-prostaglandin (PG) F1 alpha concentration, platelet aggregation, platelet thromboxane production, and neonatal transitional circulation. Forty women, at a mean (+/- SD) of 37 +/- 2 weeks' gestation, were randomized to receive (N = 10 each) placebo or 20, 60, or 80 mg of aspirin per day until delivery. Maternal serum 6-keto-PGF1 alpha levels were not affected by these doses of aspirin, whereas thromboxane B2 generated during clotting of maternal blood was decreased significantly by 60 and 80 mg of aspirin by 1 week of therapy. Maternal platelet thromboxane B2 production in response to adenosine diphosphate or collagen was reduced 98% by the 80-mg dose after 1 week of aspirin therapy. The 60-mg dose reduced maternal platelet thromboxane B2 production in response to adenosine diphosphate (50% decrease) or collagen (60% decrease) after 1 week of treatment, a nonsignificant difference. After 2 weeks of treatment with 60 mg of aspirin, platelet thromboxane B2 production induced by both collagen and adenosine diphosphate was inhibited significantly (P less than .01). Neonatal serum levels of 6-keto-PGF1 alpha and thromboxane B2 were not affected by any doses of aspirin. Further, neonatal platelet aggregation in response to platelet stimulation by collagen and adenosine diphosphate was not inhibited. All neonates had echocardiographic evidence of a patent ductus arteriosus, and noninvasive estimates of pulmonary arterial pressure were similar among the groups of infants.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Alprostadil / metabolism
  • Apgar Score
  • Aspirin / administration & dosage
  • Aspirin / adverse effects
  • Aspirin / pharmacology*
  • Blood Platelets / drug effects
  • Blood Platelets / metabolism
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Ductus Arteriosus, Patent / drug therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Maternal-Fetal Exchange
  • Platelet Aggregation / drug effects
  • Pregnancy / blood*
  • Pregnancy Trimester, Third
  • Prospective Studies
  • Thromboxane B2 / biosynthesis*

Substances

  • Thromboxane B2
  • Alprostadil
  • Aspirin