Recent breeding programs enhanced genetic diversity in both desi and kabuli varieties of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

Sci Rep. 2016 Dec 16;6:38636. doi: 10.1038/srep38636.

Abstract

In order to understand the impact of breeding on genetic diversity and gain insights into temporal trends in diversity in chickpea, a set of 100 chickpea varieties released in 14 countries between 1948 and 2012 were re-sequenced. For analysis, the re-sequencing data for 29 varieties available from an earlier study was also included. Copy number variations and presence absence variations identified in the present study have potential to drive phenotypic variations for trait improvement. Re-sequencing of a large number of varieties has provided opportunities to inspect the genetic and genomic changes reflecting the history of breeding, which we consider as breeding signatures and the selected loci may provide targets for crop improvement. Our study also reports enhanced diversity in both desi and kabuli varieties as a result of recent chickpea breeding efforts. The current study will aid the explicit efforts to breed for local adaptation in the context of anticipated climate changes.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Physiological / genetics
  • Agriculture
  • Breeding*
  • Cicer / genetics*
  • Disease Resistance / genetics
  • Droughts
  • Genetic Variation*
  • Genetics, Population
  • Genome, Plant
  • Haplotypes / genetics
  • INDEL Mutation / genetics
  • Linkage Disequilibrium / genetics
  • Plant Diseases / genetics
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics
  • Quantitative Trait, Heritable
  • Selection, Genetic
  • Time Factors