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Comparative Study
. 2017 Feb;13(2):273-280.
doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2016.01.034. Epub 2016 Feb 2.

Fast Track Bariatric Surgery: Safety of Discharge on the First Postoperative Day After Bariatric Surgery

Comparative Study

Fast Track Bariatric Surgery: Safety of Discharge on the First Postoperative Day After Bariatric Surgery

Zhamak Khorgami et al. Surg Obes Relat Dis. .


Background: Fast track recovery pathways have resulted in a multidisciplinary approach to enhance postoperative recovery.

Objectives: To assess feasibility and outcome of early discharge after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB).

Setting: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was analyzed to identify patients with body mass index≥35 kg/m2 who underwent LSG or LRYGB in 2012 and 2013.

Methods: Patients were allocated to early discharge (ED) when discharged on postoperative (POD) 1 and late discharge (LD) when discharged on POD 2 or 3. Baseline characteristics and 30-day outcomes were compared between the 2 groups.

Results: Records of 15,468 LSG and 16,483 LRYGB patients were analyzed; 5220 patients with LSG (33.7%) and 2960 patients with LRYGB (18%) were discharged on POD 1. The early discharge group had significantly fewer co-morbidities and lower rate of complications and readmission. Thirty-day readmission rate in LSG was 2.8% in ED versus 3.6% in LD (P = .008), and in LRGYB, it was 4.3% in ED versus 5.8% in LD (P = .001). Based on multivariate analysis, early discharge was not an independent risk factor for a higher readmission rate after LSG or LRYGB. Predictors of late discharge were age>50 years, body mass index>50 kg/m2, Hispanic or non-Hispanic black race/ethnicity, impaired functional status, diabetes on insulin, chronic steroid/immunosuppressant use, bleeding disorder, being on dialysis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, albumin<3.5 mg/dL, longer operative time, and concurrent cholecystectomy.

Conclusion: Discharge on POD 1 after LSG and LRYGB is feasible in a considerable proportion of patients. In this subgroup, early discharge is well tolerated and may be associated with lower complication and readmission rates.

Keywords: Early discharge; Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS); Fast track; Gastric bypass; NSQIP; Sleeve gastrectomy.

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