Introduction: This study uses a recent source of nationally representative data from in-person surveys to examine national estimates of e-cigarette use among adults and their relationship with demographic, socioeconomic, and health behavior measures.
Methods: Data were provided by the National Health Interview Survey, conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A total of 34,356 respondents aged ≥18 years were examined for 2014, the most recent and only year in which the National Health Interview Survey included questions on e-cigarette use. E-cigarette information included ever and current use. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed, adjusting for age, sex, race/ethnicity, education level, marital status, poverty, and smoking status. Analyses were conducted in 2016.
Results: Compared with those who had never tried e-cigarettes, e-cigarette users were more likely to be younger, male, non-Hispanic white, non-married, poorer, and current smokers. Multivariable logistic regression suggested that respondents with high school or some college education had significantly higher adjusted odds of ever using e-cigarettes relative to those with less than high school education. However, the adjusted odds were not significantly different for college or graduate school education.
Conclusions: The results suggest that, unlike tobacco use, ever using e-cigarettes is positively related to income. Interestingly, e-cigarette use exhibits a non-linear relationship with education. Reasons for the relationship of e-cigarettes with education are unclear and warrant further research.
Copyright © 2016 American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.