Background: The role of Troponin (Tn) levels in the management of patients post out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is unclear.
Methods: All OHCA patients enrolled in the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Prehospital Resuscitation using an IMpedance valve and Early versus Delayed analysis trial and admitted to hospital with a Tn level and a 12-lead electrocardiogram were stratified by ST elevation (STE) or no STE in a regression model for survival to discharge adjusted for Utstein predictors and site.
Results: Of the 15,617 enrolled OHCA patients, 4118 (26%) survived to admission to hospital; 17% (693) were STE and 77% (3188) were no STE with 6% unknown; 83% (3460) had at least one Tn level. Reperfusion rates were higher when Tn level >2ng/ml (p>0.1ng/ml) improved with a diagnostic cardiac catheterization (p<0.001).
Conclusions: Elevated Tn levels >2ng/ml were associated with improved survival to discharge in patients post OHCA with STE. Survival in patients with no STE and Tn values >0.1ng/ml was higher when associated with diagnostic cardiac catheterization or treated with reperfusion or revascularization.
Keywords: Angiography; Cardiopulmonary resuscitation; Fibrinolysis; Heart arrest; Thrombolysis.
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