Discoid menisci of the knee: MR imaging appearance

Radiology. 1989 Nov;173(2):351-4. doi: 10.1148/radiology.173.2.2798867.


Discoid menisci of the knee are not uncommon, and the criteria for arthrographic diagnosis and the clinical symptoms are well known. Although enlarged menisci have been recognized at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, there are no criteria for the MR imaging diagnosis. The authors describe 29 discoid menisci imaged by means of MR. A discoid meniscus was said to be present if three or more 5-mm-thick contiguous sagittal images demonstrated continuity of the meniscus between the anterior and posterior horns. High-resolution coronal images allowed more graphic depiction of the abnormally wide meniscus. In approximately one-third of the cases in which coronal images were obtained, the measurable height difference between the discoid and the opposite meniscus was greater than or equal to 2 mm. Arthroscopic correlation (obtained in 10 cases) revealed that six cases of discoid meniscus were diagnosed correctly with MR imaging, although one meniscus was considered discoid at MR imaging but was not considered discoid at arthroscopy. Of three discoid menisci seen to be torn at arthroscopy, two were seen to be torn at MR imaging.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Male
  • Menisci, Tibial / abnormalities*
  • Menisci, Tibial / pathology
  • Middle Aged