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Review
, 139 (1)

Nicotine and Tobacco as Substances of Abuse in Children and Adolescents

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Review

Nicotine and Tobacco as Substances of Abuse in Children and Adolescents

Lorena M Siqueira et al. Pediatrics.

Abstract

Nicotine is the primary pharmacologic component of tobacco, and users of tobacco products seek out its effects. The highly addictive nature of nicotine is responsible for its widespread use and difficulty with quitting. This technical report focuses on nicotine and discusses the stages of use in progression to dependence on nicotine-containing products; the physiologic characteristics, neurobiology, metabolism, pharmacogenetics, and health effects of nicotine; and acute nicotine toxicity. Finally, some newer approaches to cessation are noted.

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