PAR2 Modulators Derived from GB88

ACS Med Chem Lett. 2016 Oct 10;7(12):1179-1184. doi: 10.1021/acsmedchemlett.6b00306. eCollection 2016 Dec 8.


PAR2 antagonists have potential for treating inflammatory, respiratory, gastrointestinal, neurological, and metabolic disorders, but few antagonists are known. Derivatives of GB88 (3) suggest that all four of its components bind at distinct PAR2 sites with the isoxazole, cyclohexylalanine, and isoleucine determining affinity and selectivity, while the C-terminal substituent determines agonist/antagonist function. Here we report structurally similar PAR2 ligands with opposing functions (agonist vs antagonist) upon binding to PAR2. A biased ligand AY117 (65) was found to antagonize calcium release induced by PAR2 agonists trypsin and hexapeptide 2f-LIGRLO-NH2 (IC50 2.2 and 0.7 μM, HT29 cells), but it was a selective PAR2 agonist in inhibiting cAMP stimulation and activating ERK1/2 phosphorylation. It showed anti-inflammatory properties both in vitro and in vivo.

Keywords: Protease activated receptor 2 (PAR2); agonist; antagonist; inflammation; structure−activity relationship (SAR).