Suction catheter for enhanced control and accuracy of transseptal access

EuroIntervention. 2016 Dec 20;12(12):1534-1541. doi: 10.4244/EIJ-D-15-00344.

Abstract

Aims: Percutaneous structural heart therapies, such as mitral value repair, require site-specific transseptal access (TSA). This can be challenging for interventional cardiologists. We describe a TSA catheter (TSAC) that utilises suction for enhanced control and puncture accuracy. Here, we aim to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the device.

Methods and results: Ex vivo interatrial septum preparations were dissected from swine (n=8) and diseased human hearts (n=6) to quantify TSAC suction and needle puncture force. TSAC suction was 6.5-fold greater than the opposing needle puncture force, and thus provides sufficient stabilisation for punctures. The safety and efficacy of TSAC was evaluated in a chronic mitral regurgitation swine model (n=10) and compared to a conventional TSA device. MR was induced by disrupting one to three mitral chordae tendineae, and the progression of heart disease was followed for three weeks. During device testing, procedure time and fluoroscopy exposure were not statistically different between devices. TSAC reduced septal displacement from 8.7±0.30 mm to 3.60±0.19 mm (p<0.05) and improved puncture accuracy 1.75-fold.

Conclusions: TSAC provides controlled TSA and improves puncture accuracy, while maintaining procedure time and workflow. These findings provide a strong rationale for a first-in-man study to demonstrate the clinical utility of the device.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Atrial Septum / surgery*
  • Cardiac Catheterization / instrumentation
  • Catheter Ablation / instrumentation
  • Equipment Design*
  • Female
  • Heart Septum / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Punctures* / methods
  • Suction* / methods
  • Swine