Imaging of Adnexal Masses

Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Mar;60(1):38-45. doi: 10.1097/GRF.0000000000000261.


We review and emphasize the importance of gynecologic ultrasound scan for the preoperative evaluation of adnexal masses. Transvaginal ultrasound performed by a trained clinician has a good sensitivity and specificity for discriminating benign and malignant adnexal masses. In conjunction with a carefully obtained history, assessment of risk factors, a focused physical examination and serum markers, the information obtained by a gynecologic ultrasound evaluation can assist the clinician in the diagnosis and treatment of adnexal masses.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adnexal Diseases / classification
  • Adnexal Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Adnexal Diseases / pathology
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / classification
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Preoperative Care / methods
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Ultrasonography*