Objectives: This study sought to analyze health-related quality-of-life (HrQoL) outcomes of patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) based on data from GARY (German Aortic Valve Registry).
Background: Typically, patients currently referred for and treated by TAVR are elderly with a concomitant variable spectrum of multiple comorbidities, disabilities, and limited life expectancy. Beyond mortality and morbidity, the assessment of HrQoL is of paramount importance not only to guide patient-centered clinical decision-making but also to judge this new treatment modality in this high-risk patient population.
Methods: In 2011, 3,875 patients undergoing TAVR were included in the GARY registry. HrQoL was prospectively measured using the EuroQol 5 dimensions questionnaire self-complete version on paper at baseline and 1 year.
Results: Complete follow-up EuroQol 5 dimensions questionnaire evaluation was available for 2,288 patients (transvascular transcatheter aortic valve replacement [TAVR-TV]: n = 1,626 and transapical TAVR [TAVR-TA]: n = 662). In-hospital mortality was 5.9% (n = 229) and the 1-year mortality was 23% (n = 893). The baseline visual analog scale score for general health status was 52.6% for TAVR-TV and 55.8% for TAVR-TA and, in parallel to an improvement in New York Heart Association functional class, improved to 59.6% and 58.5% at 1 year, respectively (p < 0.001). Between baseline and 1 year, the number of patients reporting no complaints increased by 7.8% (TAVR-TV) and by 3.5% within the mobility dimension, and by 14.1% (TAVR-TV) and 9.2% within the usual activity dimension, whereas only moderate changes were found for the self-care, pain or discomfort, and anxiety or depression dimensions. In a multiple linear regression analysis several pre- and post-operative factors were predictive for less pronounced HrQoL benefits.
Conclusions: TAVR treatment led to improvements in HrQoL, especially in terms of mobility and usual activities. The magnitude of improvements was higher in the TAVR-TV group as compared to the TAVR-TA group. However, there was a sizable group of patients who did not derive any HrQoL benefits. Several independent pre- and post-operative factors were identified being predictive for less pronounced HrQoL benefits.
Keywords: GARY; German Aortic Valve Registry; health-related quality-of-life; transcatheter aortic valve replacement.
Copyright © 2016 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.