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Comparative Study
. 2017 Apr;137(4):865-873.
doi: 10.1016/j.jid.2016.11.033. Epub 2016 Dec 21.

Dynamic Changes in Resident and Infiltrating Epidermal Dendritic Cells in Active and Resolved Psoriasis

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Comparative Study

Dynamic Changes in Resident and Infiltrating Epidermal Dendritic Cells in Active and Resolved Psoriasis

Elisa Martini et al. J Invest Dermatol. .
Free article

Abstract

Epidermal Langerhans cells (LCs) are spatially separated from dermal dendritic cells (DCs) in healthy human skin. In active psoriasis, maintained by local production of IL-23 and IL-17, inflammatory DCs infiltrate both skin compartments. Here we show that CCR2+ epidermal DCs (eDCs) were confined to lesional psoriasis and phenotypically distinct from dermal DCs. The eDCs exceeded the number of LCs and displayed high expression of genes involved in neutrophil recruitment and the activation of keratinocytes and T cells. Resident LCs responded to toll-like receptor 4 and toll-like receptor 7/8 activation with increased IL-23 production, whereas eDCs additionally produced IL-1β together with IL-23 and tumor necrosis factor. Psoriasis typically recur in fixed skin lesions. eDCs were absent from resolved psoriasis. Instead, LCs from anti-tumor necrosis factor-treated lesions retained high IL23A expression and responded to toll-like receptor stimulation by producing IL-23. Our results reveal phenotypic and functional properties of eDCs and resident LCs in different clinical phases of psoriasis, and the capacity of these cells to amplify the epidermal microenvironment through the secretion of IL-17 polarizing cytokines.

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