Molecular characterization of a distinct monopartite begomovirus associated with betasatellites and alphasatellites infecting Pisum sativum in Nepal

Virus Genes. 2017 Apr;53(2):300-306. doi: 10.1007/s11262-016-1424-9. Epub 2016 Dec 23.


Pea (Pisum sativum) plants exhibiting leaf distortion, yellowing, stunted growth and reduction in leaf size from Rampur, Nepal were shown to be infected by a begomovirus in association with betasatellites and alphasatellites. The begomovirus associated with the disease showed only low levels of nucleotide sequence identity (<91%) to previously characterized begomoviruses. This finding indicates that the pea samples were infected with an as yet undescribed begomovirus for which the name Pea leaf distortion virus (PLDV) is proposed. Two species of betasatellite were identified in association with PLDV. One group of sequences had high (>78%) nucleotide sequence identity to isolates of Ludwigia leaf distortion betasatellite (LuLDB), and the second group had less than 78% to all other betasatellite sequences. This showed PLDV to be associated with either LuLDB or a previously undescribed betasatellite for which the name Pea leaf distortion betasatellite is proposed. Two types of alphasatellites were identified in the PLDV-infected pea plants. The first type showed high levels of sequence identity to Ageratum yellow vein alphasatellite, and the second type showed high levels of identity to isolates of Sida yellow vein China alphasatellite. These are the first begomovirus, betasatellites and alphasatellites isolated from pea.

Keywords: Alphasatellite; Begomovirus; Betasatellite; Geminiviridae; Pisum sativum.

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence / genetics
  • Begomovirus / genetics*
  • Begomovirus / pathogenicity
  • DNA, Single-Stranded / genetics*
  • Genome, Viral / genetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nepal
  • Pisum sativum / growth & development
  • Pisum sativum / virology*
  • Plant Diseases / genetics
  • Plant Diseases / virology*


  • DNA, Single-Stranded